What is gynecologic cancer?

Gynecologic or gynecological cancer is actually a group of several different cancers. According to the National Cancer Institute, a gynecological cancer is any cancer of the female reproductive tract.

Gynecological cancers include: cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, fallopian tube cancer, gestational trophoblastic tumor, ovarian epithelial cancer, ovarian germ cell tumor, ovarian low malignant potential tumor, uterine sarcoma, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer (cancer of the external female genitalia). The most common types of gynecological cancer are cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer.

According to the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation, gynecological cancers are sometimes caused by certain classes of genes that promote cancer growth. The healthy functioning of these genes may be altered in ways such as smoking, aging or environmental factors or inherited. The majority of cervical cancers and some vulva cancers and cancers of the vagina are caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV).

September is Gynecological Cancer Awareness Month. Talk to your gynecologist about your risks.

Cancer Services and Women’s Hospital are hosting a survivorship luncheon at noon Sept. 11.

For more information contact Courtney Britton, librarian at Cancer Services of Greater Baton Rouge at (225) 927-2273, cbritton@cancerservices.org or visit the Education Center at 550 Lobdell Ave., Baton Rouge.

ON THE INTERNET:

NCI : Gynecological Cancers

cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancersbodylocation/page10

This column is presented as a service by Cancer Services of Greater Baton Rouge, a United Way agency.

FactSheetCommonlyAskedQuestions.pdf

This column is presented as a service by Cancer Services of Greater Baton Rouge, a United Way affiliate.