Two oil industry-backed reports show the United States would reap huge energy and economic benefits by opening up drilling in the eastern Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Outer Continental Shelf.

The studies were done by Quest Offshore Inc. for the National Ocean Industries Association and the American Petroleum Institute. The same parties released a 2013 study touting the benefits of drilling off the East Coast.

The Eastern Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific OCS and the Atlantic OCS are almost entirely off-limits to offshore oil-and-gas development.

The reports show if the federal government began holding lease sales in those regions in 2018, by 2035 developing:

• Pacific OCS could create more than 330,000 jobs, spur nearly $140 billion in private sector spending, generate $81 billion in revenue to the government, contribute over $28 billion per year to the U.S. economy, and add the equivalent of more than 1.2 million barrels of oil per day to domestic energy production.

• Eastern Gulf of Mexico could create nearly 230,000 jobs, spur $114.5 billion in private sector spending, generate $69.7 billion in revenue for the government, contribute over $18 billion per year to the U.S. economy, and add nearly 1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day to domestic energy production.

• Atlantic OCS development could create nearly 280,000 jobs, spur $195 billion in private sector spending, generate $51 billion in revenue for the government, contribute up to $24 billion per year to the U.S. economy, and add 1.3 million barrels of oil equivalent per day to domestic energy production.

For more information on the studies, go to www.noia.org/TapOffshoreEnergy.