William Bradford was not only the Governor of Plymouth Plantation but also a historian. He chronicled the difficulties of the Pilgrim’s crossing. The decision to land on the shores of Massachusetts was dictated by weather. The small, 180-ton ship, The Mayflower, sailed near the southeastern tip of Cape Cod on November 19, 1620; expecting to hold course and land in New York Harbor. With high winds and waves, the crew plotted another course, turning northward and picking up southerly winds and after rounding the tip of the Cape, entered the protected waters of the bay. Clear weather and favorable winds on November 20, kept The Mayflower on its northerly tack, dropping anchor on November 21, in Provincetown Harbor after 65 days at sea.