The coldest place on Earth is Vostok, Antarctica, setting a record low temperature of minus 129 degrees. Monday’s daytime high was minus 74, where 1,000 to 5,000 “residents” occupy various research stations.

Special rescues of ill scientists have occurred in this region. These rescues happened in December 2003 and in 2001 when the temperature was minus 92.

Poor visibilities and freezing hydraulics limit aircraft on the ground for no longer than 20 minutes.

This year, Renee Douceur, 58, of Seabrook, N.H., was at the Amundsen-Scott Research Station. Douceur suffered a medical emergency Aug. 27, experiencing blurred vision which may have been a stroke.

Her employer, Raytheon, decided there would not be a special flight for her, and doctors at Johns Hopkins believe a long flight could complicate her condition.

Fastcast: Warm, dry.

Sunny with a high near 85. Northerly winds 5 mph. Tonight: Mostly clear with a low about 60. Easterly winds 5 mph.