Confederate Monuments-Alabama

In this April 10, 2014, file photo, a Confederate monument stands outside the Choctaw County Courthouse in Butler, Ala. The Alabama Legislature has approved a bill Friday, May 19, 2017, that would prohibit the removal of historic monuments that have stood for more than 40 years. (AP Photo/Jay Reeves, File)

Jay Reeves

MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) — Alabama lawmakers approved sweeping protections for Confederate monuments, names and other historic memorials on Friday, even as politicians elsewhere rethink the appropriateness of keeping such emblems on public property.

The measure "would prohibit the relocation, removal, alteration, renaming, or other disturbance of any architecturally significant building, memorial building, memorial street, or monument" that has stood on public property for 40 or more years," it reads.

Changes to names or memorials installed between 20 and 40 years ago would need permission from a new state commission.

Supporters argued that the measure should protect all kinds of history — not just Confederate symbols.

Sen. Gerald Allen, the bill's Republican sponsor, criticized what he called a "wave of political correctness" wiping out monuments to people he said were historically significant even if they had their personal flaws.

African-American lawmakers opposed the bill at every step of the legislative process, saying argued that solidifies a shameful legacy of slavery.

"You say we are protecting history. We are not protecting history. We are protecting monuments that represent oppression to a large part of the people in the state of Alabama," said Sen. Hank Sanders, an African-American Democrat from Selma.

The legislation now goes to Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey. Her office said she's reviewing it.

Governments around the South are reconsidering the appropriateness of monuments honoring the Confederacy. Some have decided to remove them altogether, while others would add statues honoring civil rights figures, or plaques providing more historical information about slavery and the legal segregation that followed.

The Louisiana Legislature is mulling a similar bill that aims to protect military monuments from removal, including those that honor Confederate soldiers.

The state House on Monday advanced legislation that would require a vote of the public in any city or parish that proposes removal of such monuments, after an emotionally-charged debate over the history of the Civil War and the brutalities of slavery.

The Legislative Black Caucus held a news conference the following day, and the chairman of the group said that the vote exposed “a deep-rooted belief in white supremacy” among many members.

The bill is now scheduled to be heard in the Senate and Governmental Affairs committee, which is chaired by Sen. Karen Carter Peterson, a New Orleans Democrat who took part in the Legislative Black Caucus news conference.

Officials in New Orleans have been removing several Confederate monuments. The proposed removal of a statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee in Charlottesville, Virginia, prompted a torch-lit protest and a candle-lit counter-demonstration there.

Birmingham's park board has approved a resolution to remove a 52-foot-tall Confederate monument in a downtown park in 2015, prompting a legal challenge from a Southern heritage organization.

"Are you good with the sanitizing of history as we are seeing in New Orleans?" asked Rep. Mack Butler, R-Rainbow City. His opponents countered that local governments should be able to decide what's appropriate for their communities.

Advocate reporter Elizabeth Crisp contributed to this report.