TORONTO — Walking through the tunnel to Arthur Ashe Stadium alongside Billie Jean King, Emma Stone gasped at the size of the U.S. Open's main court.
King, of course, was more familiar with grounds of the tennis center — it's named after her, after all. But as accustomed as Stone is to the spotlight, her playing fields are usually private film sets or more intimate television show audiences. In making "Battle of the Sexes," a new film about King's infamous 1973 showdown with Bobby Riggs (Steve Carell), Stone was often both awed and a little jealous of the stages on which King crusaded for sport and for women's rights.
In tennis, the lines are clear, the scoreboard is final and a landmark victory against sexism could go down in straight sets.
"It's just such a longer conversation in the movie industry," Stone said. "When I look at a tennis match, whoever wins at the end, the prize money should be equal. There are so many moving parts in how that comes to pass on a film to film basis. But of course things need to be changed."
"Battle of the Sexes" is in some ways a time-traveling experience back to the 1970s and the chauvinism of another era. But the film also seems very much of today, coming less than a year after a bruising presidential election often fought over gender lines.
King's fight for pay equality — she helped launch the female-only Virginia Slims tennis circuit after objecting to the disparity between male and female prize money — also has clear reverberations for Hollywood's own issues in compensating men and women equally.
Stone has spoken about pay equality in Hollywood. In July, she said she has previously insisted male co-stars close the pay gap by cutting their salaries. She acted out of inspiration from King and some of her own contemporaries, like Jennifer Lawrence.
"It becomes a difficult topic just for me because other people might have answers that I haven't come to in fixing the industry at large, but because of the circumstantial nature of it — the way the budgets inflate or go down from movie to movie, or year to year the way a person's career moves," Stone said.
"Every industry should be thinking about that," Stone said. "It's my world. Tennis is Billie Jean's world. But it matters across the board."
A recent list by Forbes magazine of the highest-paid stars in Hollywood ranked Stone as the highest-paid woman. Fourteen male actors ranked higher. The gap reflects larger industry inequalities. Of the 4,583 speaking characters in last year's top 100 films, 31.4 percent were female — roughly the same rate as in 2007, according to a study by the University of Southern California. Only 34 of those films depicted a female lead or co-lead.
King, who won nearly 40 major titles in her career, did take to Stone about the film industry and asked if Stone wanted to make a difference.
"I don't know if this movie has helped her have self-confidence or more empowered. I hope it helps her," King said. "I think it's very relevant still. Equality for everyone is so far away. Every generation has to really fight for it more and more. We have made progress but I think women have at least another 175 years before we might be equal, have equal pay."
The makers of "Battle of the Sexes" wanted the film to stand apart behind the camera as well.
"On our movie, there was a distinct effort to pay everyone equally," said Dayton. "Our crew was a really great mix of men and women in all departments. Our editor is a woman. Our production designer is a woman. The sound mixing team, both women."
Their film melds the public spectacle of King and Riggs' faceoff with the personal struggles both were dealing with leading up to the match. King — then 29, married and the No. 1 player in the world — was in the midst of embracing her homosexuality, which she would reveal years later. The 55-year-old Riggs, who died in 1995, isn't merely a chauvinist stereotype but is seen going through his own marital problems.
"What we loved about this story was that it showed how much you can do within your own field or profession," Faris said. "Everyone is talking about parity within actor salaries. I think probably with directors, we're not close to having parity. In general, we're always going to have to work to achieve some kind of equality. It's a battle that you probably never even win."