With many supporters calling it an "historic achievement" for Louisiana, Gov. John Bel Edwards signed 10 bills into law overhauling the state's criminal justice system, with an eye on shedding the state's undesired title of the world's incarceration capital.
Edwards signed the bills before a packed house of more than 100 gleeful supporters and a bipartisan slate of lawmakers who authored many of the bills.
Advocates of the effort applauded both the scope of the overhaul that was signed into law, as well as the cooperation between Republicans and Democrats that it took to enact the changes.
"I've been around and near the halls of this Capitol for 20 years now ... I am not sure I have seen more impactful legislation passed," said Flozell Daniels, a criminal justice reform advocate who participated on the task force to develop the recommendations. "We have made a way for us to impact thousands of people's lives."
Gov. John Bel Edwards thanked the Legislature for coming together to pass the package and, in particular, the sponsors of the bills. He acknowledged that it was a politically risky move to champion changes that some could frame as being soft on crime.
And he noted that when he made shrinking the prison population a campaign promise, even his own advisers questioned whether it was wise to continue to tout the commitment.
All 10 bills of a dramatic overhaul of Louisiana's criminal justice system have passed both …
"I'm signing these bills because a broken system justice system leads to more crime not less," Edwards said. "Today we begin building the system we want rather than continue to settle for the system we have."
In total, the legislation is projected to reduce the state's prison population by 10 percent over the next decade. The savings the state will generate for no longer housing those inmates is projected to be $262 million, of which 70 percent has been obligated for programs to rehabilitate offenders and support victims.
The new laws will reduce mandatory minimums, trim sentences and give some inmates access to parole eligibility sooner. It creates a medical furlough program, which allows the sickest inmates to temporarily receive treatment off site, and be eligible for Medicaid, which saves the state on medical costs. The package overhauls drug sentencing, allowing lighter sentences based on weights, and streamlines the state's many incongruous theft penalties. One bill in the package will limit how often juvenile offenders can receive life without parole sentences.
The measure also expands prison alternatives, like drug court, and expand safety nets for people getting out of jail and returning to their communities, by reducing their financial burdens and helping them have better access to jobs. Another bill will help improve the way victims are notified when offenders have parole hearings or are released.
"I'm not proud of our title as the most incarcerated state, but that is now going to be a part of our history," Edwards said.
Traditionally, it's been Louisiana's Democrats and liberal social justice advocates who have…
Here's a breakdown of the 10 criminal justice bills in the package:
• Senate Bill 139 by Sen. Danny Martiny, R-Metairie: Expands probation eligibility to offenders, expands eligibility for substance abuse probation and drug courts, creates a medical furlough policy allowing temporary release of inmates with significant medical costs so they can be treated in a facility, allows parole consideration for select inmates with life sentences.
• Senate Bill 220 by Senate President John Alario, R-Westwego: Tailors drug sentences to the weight of the drugs, raises the felony theft threshold to $1,000, merges redundant property crime offenses, creates a Louisiana Felony Class System Task Force, that will make recommendations about overhauling felony offenses in 2018.
• Senate Bill 221 by Senate President John Alario, R-Westwego: Reduces the minimum prison term for a second felony conviction and restricts life without parole sentences imposed for third- or fourth convictions -- to those convicted of multiple violent or sex crimes. The law also shortens the timeframe that a criminal defendant's prior drug or property crime convictions can count for imposing a habitual offender sentence from a decade to five years.
• Senate Bill 16 by Sen. Dan Claitor, R-Baton Rouge: Pares back life without parole sentences for juveniles so it is no longer allowable unless it's a first-degree murder case. Most juveniles sentenced to life would be granted opportunity for parole after serving 25 years.
• House Bill 249 by Rep. Tanner Magee, R-Houma: Allows judges to tailor court fees and restitution payments based on a person's ability to pay after leaving jail.
• House Bill 489 by Rep. Walt Leger III, D-New Orleans: Establishes that 70 percent of savings will be allocated to public safety programs. The breakdown of the savings is 30 percent to grants for prison alternatives, 20 percent to support victims' services and 50 percent for the Department of Corrections to offer programming to inmates. In the second year, Office of Juvenile Justice will start to receive 20 percent of the pie.
• House Bill 116 by Rep. Stephen Dwight, R-Lake Charles: Improves victim notification system to allow people to receive notification about an offenders' release or parole hearings.
• House Bill 519 by Rep. Julie Emerson, R-Carencro: Expands opportunities so people with criminal convictions can apply for and receive occupational licenses.
• House Bill 680 by Rep. Joe Marino, No Party-Gretna: Suspends child support payments for people who have been incarcerated for more than six months, unless they have a means to pay.
• House Bill 681 by Rep. Helena Moreno, D-New Orleans: Lifts food stamp and welfare ban for drug offenders returning home from prison.