With hindsight, it is easy to say that the D-Day landings on the coast of France were bound to succeed.
The army of the liberators based in England was prepared for the landings, and the German high command was divided about how to respond to the imminent threat. The armada supporting the allied landings, on the sea and in the air, was enormous and included representatives of nations great and small united against the fascist powers.
But in the small hours before the launch, 68 years ago, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower wrote a short statement for use if the landings were unsuccessful and the army he led was withdrawn in defeat.
It is sobering reading today. Eisenhower praised the courage and skill of the ordinary soldiers, seamen and airmen.
For the failure, Eisenhower said, he should be considered personally responsible.
Now, a grateful nation and world has reason to remember the success, not the failure, of D-Day.